Cognitive Dynamics

Getting the Most Out of the Type Code

The Myers-Briggs Type Indicator® self-report assessment was developed by Isabel Myers to help individuals find their best-fit type. In order to develop the assessment, the J-P dichotomy was added. Now the four-letter type code that results from her work has become a standard for referring to the 16 types no matter how you arrive at determining the best-fit.  more »

Adult Development and Typological Look-Alikes

For many years, I scoffed at the idea of stages of adult development as being artificial and somewhat arrogant, as if one who is more developed is better than others at earlier stages. I observed development in the physical realm and these did not bother me in the same way as in the psychological/personality realm.  more »

Best-Fit Type Self Discovery With or Without Using An Assessment such as the MBTI® instrument

In my eighteen years of introducing individuals, teams, leaders and organizations to the rich theory of personality type, I have explored using the Interstrength Self-Discovery process both with the MBTI® assessment tool and without.

Overall I have found that using the Self-Discovery process without an assessment works better for me for the following reasons:  more »

Interactive Personalities


Have you played the Sims™ or enjoyed other computer games with virtual characters you can interact with? I am using virtual characters to explore personality. Mainly, I observe college students talking to and programming two characters named Truman and Olivia. This is a novel approach to exploring personality. The programmer sets up a character’s personality, then observes how others interact with the character. There are plenty of type-related patterns that match up.  more »

Personality Assesment - Instruments and Feedback


Various models look at personality differences for the purposes of career decisions, life planning, job assignment and team building. Most personality assessment is done through self-report with individual response to items varying according to mind set, vocabulary, life experience, culture and so on. The usefulness of the model is determined by the accuracy of both the model and the instrument used. If the instrument and the resulting descriptions do not accurately describe the individual, the model will be rejected.  more »

Relationship of Temperament to Jung's Types and to the MBTI®


Temperament is frequently used in conjunction with the MBTI. Historically speaking, the work of Isabel Myers took place independent of the work of David Keirsey, even though much of their work was done during some of the same time frame. During World War II, Myers sought to create a self-report instrument that would allow Carl Jung’s theories of psychological types to help end human suffering and to help people choose work that better suited their natures.  more »

Interaction Styles - Frequently Asked Questions


From Understanding Yourself and Others®: An Introduction to Interaction Styles 1.0 and 2.0  more »

How to tell iNtuiting from extraverted Sensing


Over the last four years, in the MBTI® Qualifying Programs, advanced programs and elsewhere, we found a disproportionate number of people who had reported preferences for the iNtuiting process while their behaviors seemed to resemble the Artisan-SP temperament pattern. This raised some questions such as: What is the relationship between temperament and Jung's typology? Can someone have one type and a different temperament? If not, what is going on here?  more »

Wizards in the Wilderness and the Search for True Type


Type possesses a strange attraction. Self-identification is insightful, and fun, and it is only the beginning. It pulls us along, and somehow, in time, we learn how to recognize type in others, accurately we hope.

How is this type recognition accomplished?

Specifically, what kinds of features or processes do people latch onto and bring to bear as they begin the journey? Does success come by some kind of magic, or is there a science to it?  more »

Coaching with Style: Using Knowledge of Temperament and Type to Customize the Coaching Process


When working one-on-one with individuals in corporations to improve business performance, understanding each individual's type and temperament provides an invaluable tool to maximize coaching effectiveness. Therefore the first step I follow is to anchor the coaching process by the client participating in a self –assessment of temperament, cognitive processes and working style, either one-on-one or in a group session, to supplement the use of the MBTI® . This has a couple of benefits:  more »